What is Brain Tumor?
A brain tumor is excess growth of abnormal tissues in your brain. There are many different causes of a brain tumor that exist. Many brain tumors are cancerous and many of them are noncancerous. The brain tumor can be benign and it can also be malignant. The beginning stage of a brain tumor is a primary brain tumor and if cancer starts to develop in the body and spreads to your brain is considered a secondary brain tumor.
How fastly a brain tumor develops can vary differently. How it can affect the function of the nervous system all completely depends upon the exact location and the growth rate of a brain tumor. The treatment of brain tumor all depend upon the brain tumor's type, size, and location.
Types of Brain Tumor?
There are about 120 distinct forms of brain tumors, lesions, and cysts, which are distinguished by where they occur and the sort of cells they include. Certain tumors are often benign (noncancerous), while others are typically malignant (cancerous). Others have a 50/50 risk of developing cancer.
Some of the tumors described below are primary tumors:-
Meningioma is a popular primary brain tumor, which results in almost 30% of all brain tumors. This brain tumor occurs in the meninges, which are the three outer layers of the human body that help in covering and surrounding the brain under the skull. There is more chance of women in comparison to males having meningiomas. Meningiomas are noncancerous, slow-growing tumors that account for around 85 percent of all cases. Although almost all meningiomas are benign, some might be persistent and recur the following therapy.
The most frequent kind of pituitary tumor is an adenoma, which is a tumor that develops in the gland tissues. Pituitary adenomas arise from the pituitary gland and grow slowly. Adenomas account for around 10% of all primary brain tumors. They have the potential to induce eyesight and endocrinological issues. Adenomas, fortunately for patients, are benign and curable with surgery and/or treatment.
These benign tumors can look like solid tumors or cysts and develop around the pituitary gland. Craniopharyngiomas frequently push on nerves, blood vessels, or brain tissue around the pituitary gland. They, like adenomas, can cause eyesight and endocrinological problems. They typically affect toddlers, teenagers, and people over the age of 50.
Acoustic neuromas (vestibular schwannomas) are slow-growing, benign tumors of the nerve that links the ear to the brain. Acoustic neuromas account for less than 8% of all primary brain tumors. They often appear in middle-aged individuals, grow on the nerve sheath (the coating that surrounds the nerve fibers), and frequently cause hearing loss. Schwannomas can potentially cause damage to the trigeminal nerve. These are known as trigeminal schwannomas, and they can cause facial pain. They are far less prevalent than vestibular schwannomas.
Nasopharyngeal angiofibroma, also known as juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma, is a benign skull base tumor in the nose that is most commonly found in teen boys. It is the most frequent benign nasopharyngeal tumor which is in the backspace of the nose. It spreads to the nose and causes symptoms such as congestion and nosebleeds.
Choroid Plexus Tumor
Choroid plexus tumors are uncommon tumors that develop in the choroid plexus, the region of the brain that creates cerebrospinal fluid within its ventricles. Approximately 90% of these tumors are benign. They are most common in children under the age of two and can lead to hydrocephalus, or an accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid, as they develop. This can cause greater pressure on the brain and skull growth. Choroid plexus carcinoma is a rare malignant kind of choroid plexus tumor.
Dysembryoplastic Neuroepithelial Tumor
This is a neuronal-glial brain tumor, which means it is made up of both neurons and supporting cells. Dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumors are uncommon benign tumors that develop in the tissues that surround the brain and spinal cord. These tumors, which are most commonly detected in adolescents and teenagers, can induce seizures. Gangliogliomas, gangliocytomas, and rosette-forming tumors are examples of neuronal-glial brain cancers.
Neurofibromas are painless, benign tumors that can form on nerves anywhere in the body. These soft, fleshy growths can form in the brain, on cranial nerves, or the spinal cord in some situations.
Symptoms of Brain Tumor
The following symptoms of Brain Tumor
or indicators may be experienced by those who have a brain tumor. A symptom, such as tiredness, nausea, or discomfort, is something that only the person experiencing it can recognize and explain.
Brain tumor symptoms might be generic or specialized. The pressure of the tumor on the brain or spinal cord causes a general symptom. Certain symptoms occur when a specific area of the brain is not functioning properly due to the tumor. Many persons with brain tumors were detected after going to the doctor with a symptom, such as a headache or other abnormalities.
Some of the general signs and symptoms caused due to brain tumors are:-
- You may feel the change in patterns of headaches
- Your headache gradually become common or severe
- You may feel like discomfort or vomiting
- You may have visionary problems like blurred vision, double vision, or loss of peripheral vision.
- You may lose slowly- slowly sensation or movement in an arm or a leg
- You may feel confusion in daily activities
- You may have a problem while speaking
- You may have a problem balancing
- You may feel tired very soon
- You may feel difficulty in making decisions
- You may have difficulty in following simple commands
- You may feel changes in your behavior and personality
- You may have difficulty in hearing
Risk factors of brain tumor:
The cause of primary brain tumors is unknown in the majority of cases. However, physicians have found several risk factors that may raise your chances of developing a brain tumor. Among the risk factors are:
People who have been exposed to ionizing radiation are at a higher risk of developing a brain tumor. Ionizing radiation is used to cure cancer, and radiation exposure from atomic bombs is another example.
Family history of brain tumors
A tiny percentage of brain tumors arise in persons who have a family history of brain tumors or genetic disorders that enhance the risk of brain cancers.
Diagnosis of a brain tumor
If it is found that you are suffering from a brain tumor then your doctor will recommend you some tests and procedures including:
A neurological examination
A neurological exam may entail testing your vision, hearing, balance, coordination, strength, and reflexes, among other things. Difficulty in one or more regions may reveal information about the section of your brain that is likely to be impacted by a brain tumor.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is frequently used to aid in the diagnosis of brain malignancies. During your MRI examination, a dye may be injected into a vein in your arm.
A variety of specialist MRI scan components, including functional MRI, perfusion MRI, and magnetic resonance spectroscopy, may aid your doctor in assessing the tumor and planning therapy.
In some cases, further imaging studies, such as computed tomography (CT) and positron emission tomography (PET), are suggested (PET).
Collecting and testing a sample of abnormal tissue (biopsy)
A biopsy can be done as part of a surgery to remove the brain tumor, or it can be done with a needle.
A stereotactic needle biopsy may be performed for brain tumors in difficult-to-reach places or in extremely sensitive sections of your brain that might be injured by a more thorough procedure. A tiny hole is drilled into your skull by your neurosurgeon. The hole is then pierced with a tiny needle. The needle is used to remove tissue, which is typically guided by CT or MRI scans. Afterward biopsy sample is checked under the microscope to determine whether it's malignant or benign
To destroy tumor cells, radiation treatment employs high-energy beams such as X-rays or protons. Radiation therapy can be delivered by a machine outside your body (external beam radiation) or, in rare cases, radiation can be delivered within your body near your brain tumor (brachytherapy).
External beam radiation can be directed only at the part of your brain where the tumor is located, or it can be directed at the entire brain (whole-brain radiation). Whole-brain radiation is most commonly used to treat cancer that has progressed to the brain from another section of the body and has formed numerous tumors.
Radiation therapy has traditionally used X-rays, but a newer kind of this treatment employs proton beams. Proton beam treatment helps doctors to more precisely regulate the radiation. It may be useful in treating pediatric brain cancers as well as tumors that are near sensitive parts of the brain.
Why is Dr.Sumit Kamble suitable for Brain Tumour Treatment in Jaipur?
Dr Sumit Kamble is a senior consultant neurologist at CKS Hospitals and when it comes to brain tumour treatment. He has done his MBBS from Govt Medical College, Nagpur, MD in General Medicine from Govt Medical College, Baroda, and DM in Neurology from Govt Medical College, Kota. Dr.Sumit Kamble has also done Fellowship in Pain Management (FIPM) from DPMC, Delhi. He is an active life member of the prestigious American Society of Neurology and the Indian society of Neurology. He has done Fellowship in Neurology from PGI Chandigarh. Dr Sumit Kamble is considered as the best neurologist in Jaipur
who has specialized in treating ailments such as brain stroke treatment
, epilepsy, Parkinson’s disease, and spine difficulties. Dr Sumit Kamble has over ten years of expertise in his area.
Frequently Asked Question about Brain Tumor
Q:1 Why do people get a brain tumor?
Ans- Brain tumours are more commonly seen in the nervous system. A brain tumour can arise as a result of a variety of factors and events. A brain tumour is a mass of tissue that develops in the brain as a result of abnormal cell growth. It spreads as a result of increased cell proliferation and cessation of normal function. Tumours in the brain can impair mental function, vision, language, movement, and coordination.
Q:2 How is a brain tumor diagnosed?
Ans- Brain tumours can be difficult to identify, thus it is critical for the patient to speak with a neurosurgeon who specializes in this field. A brain tumour is a form of tumour that begins in the brain, most commonly in the cerebrum or cerebellum. It is diagnosed by determining if any abnormal tissue can be detected using imaging tests such as CT scans, MRIs, ultrasounds, and so on.
Q:3 What is the correct treatment of brain tumors?
Ans- The most prevalent malignant tumour in humans is brain cancer. It is critical to begin treatment as soon as possible. If not, it can result in lifelong brain function damage. Brain tumour therapy varies based on the location and size of the tumour, although there are some common principles for its management. Doctors frequently.
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